PING is a utility that allows us to check if a specific IP address is online or accessible and therefore used to help troubleshoot network (or internet) connections.
It works by sending packet(s) of data to the IP address and checking the response time.
Although there are various programs that will PING an IP address for you, probably the quickest way for Windows users is to use the “ping” command from the DOS prompt.
To do this Start >>> run >>> type “cmd”
Interpreting the results.
The time taken for a packet to reach the host is also called latency. This response is an indication of the round trip to the host, and may involve a series of hops along the way.
If you see a variation in the times this is called latency “jitter”, and you may receive poor communication with the host.
A response of “Request timed out” means there was no response in the default time period of one second.
Every ping packet that is sent out has a TTL value which by default is 255.
Although the default Unix ICMP echo_request is 255, some remote hosts (servers) may have their TTL response value set to 128 or 64, so you may have to adjust the calculation accordingly.